floor, floorf, floorl - largest integral value not greater than argument
double floor(double x);
float floorf(float x);
long double floorl(long double x);
These functions round x down to the nearest integer.
The rounded integer value. If x is integral or infinite, x itself is returned.
No errors other than EDOM and ERANGE can occur. If x is NaN, then NaN is returned and errno may be set to EDOM.
SUSv2 and POSIX 1003.1-2001 contain text about overflow (which might set errno to ERANGE, or raise an exception). In practice, the result cannot overflow on any current machine, so this error-handling stuff is just nonsense. (More precisely, overflow can happen only when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of mantissa bits. For the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating point numbers the maximum value of the exponent is 128 (resp. 1024), and the number of mantissa bits is 24 (resp. 53).)
The floor() function conforms to SVID 3, POSIX, BSD 4.3, ISO 9899. The other functions are from C99.
ceil(3), lrint(3), nearbyint(3), rint(3), round(3), trunc(3)